tv CNN Newsroom CNN July 12, 2011 8:00am-10:00am PDT
suzanne mall sveaux takes the s from here. >> it's hot outside. >> maybe we should stay at work all day. a good excuse to stay inside. >> you need to get home to those babies. >> there you go. i'm suzanne malveaux. up to speed for this tuesday, july 12th. calling rupert murdoch to testify about the growing scandal that's engulfed his newsnews empire. senior executives will appear. and parliament also summoned murdoch's son james and former "news of the world" editor rebecca brooks. in london today, the parents of murdered teen milly met political leaders in parliament. salley and bob say the phone hacking investigation nuft look at politician's ties to the
media, and dowlers say it fueled this. they were given false hope she was alive. it led to other disclosures of hacking or hacking attempts that reached all the way to the royal throne. well, stocks are treading water today. the dow chips have been moving between positive and negative territory all morning. the dow jones down about 16 points or so. investors are perhaps taking a breather on negotiations over the debt ceiling playing out in washington. president obama says there's a groundhog day feeling at the white house. he and congressional leaders immediate again today to work on a deal to raise the nation's borrowing limit. republicans are insisting on deep cuts only. the president wants to close tax loopholes as well. now, the debt ceiling deadline is three weeks from today. and so far, nobody is blinking.
it's going to feel like 105 to 115 degrees in almost half the states across the country today. if you can believe that. humidity leveling are also extraordinarily high today. that makes it difficult for the body to cool. the half brother of afghan president hamid karzai was assassinated today. a bodyguard gunned down him in kandahar. taliban says bodyguard was on their pay roll. karzai was linked to drug trafficking and said to be a cia informant. karzai always denied both of those claims. well, this is a first in space. during the last shuttle mission, it is the first time space station astronauts are walking outside while the visiting
shuttle squad stays indoors, because "atlantis" has a small crew. all four shuttle astronauts will be busy with some other stuff. the space walkers hope to retrieve a broken cooling pump and bring it back to earth. well, president obama will award the medal of honor today to sergeant first class leroy arthur petri. he is only the second medal of honor recipient to make it out of afghanistan alive. the army ranger took a bullet through both legs during a firefight. he still managed to fling an enemy grenade away from two other rangers -- from the other rangers. the grenade exploded taking off petri's right hand. well, it is the scandal rocking one of the most powerful media empires in the world and it is getting bigger and even uglier today. two more of rupert murdoch's newspapers in great britain are being called out for allegedly breemping the privacy of everyone, from the former prime
minister to the queen of england. murdoch himself along with his son and one of his top editors are being called by the british government to explain themselves. dan rivers, she in london. and, dan, tell us about this. it seems to go all the way at the top of newscorp. i understand we just lost dan. we're going it try to get back to dan as quickly as we can to bring you the very latest. i understand now we have dan. dan, can you hear me? dan? can you hear me? >> reporter: yes, i can hear you fine. >> dan, tell us about how high up this goes? we understand that now murdoch himself is expected to explain this mess to parliament? >> reporter: well, i think that the kind of million dollar question is, you know, how high up does this go? did james murdoch know about all this nefarious practices in news international? he has consistently maintained he knew nothing about it at all be shgs and equally rupert
murdoch his father and his boss also says he was completely unaware of what was going on. now they are going to be asked those very pointed questions by politicians. if the politicians get their way here. they have called both james and rupert murdoch to appear before a committee of politicians in the building behind me. often these committees can be very fiery affairs with mps, members of parliament lining up to quick-fire question them. a bit like a courtroom under cross-examination. it's going to be fascinating if they turn up. now, because rupert murdoch and james murdoch have u.s. citizenship, i don't think they can be forced to come along, but it's going to be pretty embarrassing if they don't turn up with all these allegations swirling around. >> sure. do we know if either one of these murdochs could face criminal charges here? >> reporter: well, at the moment i don't think there is any evidence that could result in criminal charges for them.
some -- one reporter for "news of the world" already served four months in prison as has a private detective working for "news of the world. others working for them have been arrested. a former editor, not formally indicted yet or put to trial. i think we're a long way yet from the trail of evidence leading all the way up to james murdoch, and james murdoch is maintaining he knew nothing about this at all. >> okay. >> reporter: the police have a long way to go, i think, if that's the direction they're going. >> we know the family of milly dowler, the voicemail hacked by newscorp, "news of the world." her family is meeting with the prime minister tomorrow. what do we know about that meeting? why have they been summoned to 0 meet with the prime minister? >> reporter: well, they have been doing a series of meetings. they met with the deputy prime minister yesterday. today they met with the leader of the opposition, tomorrow the
prime minister. they are underlining shock and anger at their murder the daughter's phone was hacked into by journalists from "news of the world" it is alleged. really they're calling for something to be done about the criminal practices of some parts of the media here. they are at the full front of this campaign, which has got the likes of hugh grant and other people involved as well. but enough is enough. that something has to change. >> all right. dan rivers, thank you very much. here's a rundown of some of the other stories ahead -- first, a cyber security expert explains how disturbingly easy it is to hark into anyone's cell phone. and the sting before the raid inside bin laden's compound. before s.e.a.l. team 6 took out terrorist leader. the cia carried out plan to get his dna. then, we take you out of this world for the last space walk of the shuttle era. also, how to protect yourself and your health in this
blazing heat. and the budget standoff in minnesota hitting home. >> i think the state shutdown is a huge deal, because i think about my little piece of what i do for state government and i think there are 20,000 people that have been laid off. somewhere in america, a city comes to life. it moves effortlessly, breathes easily. it flows with clean water. it makes its skyline greener and its population healthier. all to become the kind of city
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vaccination drive? what was that about? >> reporter: yeah. we've been trying to put together bits and pieces of this alleged plot, and it really gives you a fascinating glimpse of how the cia was operating on the ground here in pakistan before the raid on the bin laden compound. a pakistani official has telling us this doctor has been arrested, accused of helping the cia to confirm the whereabouts of osama bin laden and allegedly stage add free vaccination campaign offering free vaccinations and shots to children and residents of abbottabad where the bin laden compound was located. according to the british paper "the guardian" he hired two nurses going around from house to house. the plan was to get to the bin laden children, somehow extract some of their blood or use the syringe from the vaccination to eventually match their dna sample to bin laden's sister's dna samp. bin laden's sister passing away last year in boston, massachusetts.
we haven't been able to verify if these two nurses actually got into the bin laden compound, but we did track down one of the nurses allegedly involved in this plot a few hours ago. she repeatedly told us she can't comment on this matter. >> right. >> reporter: we've talked to residents of abbottabad who tellis indeed two days before the raid two nurses were coming around giving shots and vaccinations. one saying this was in place but didn't succeed in getting the dna. >> i understand this doctor is one of several arrested for helping the cia. is that right? >> reporter: indeed. after the raid on the bin laden compound, pakistani officials went around arresting a number of people who they suspected of helping the cia, and this is an indication that when it came to intelligence gathering on osama bin laden, islamabad and washington were not talking to each other. were not on the same page, and certainly it's another indication of what we already know. that pakistan was not happy with
this unilateral action from washington, the u.s. forces watching the bin laden compound. many stru as a violation of the sovereignty and this arrest, another indication that pakistan still is unhappy, perhaps a way of sending a message to washington, and also a way of finding out how the cia managed to set up an elaborate intelligence network on the ground here in pakistan behind the government's back. suzanne? >> reza sayah, thank very much. a government shutdown. 20,000 people now out of work. the standoff hits home for one family when both parents are laid off from their state jobs.
20,000 workers in minnesota face another day off the job. the democratic governor and republican lawmakers are locked in a stalemate over the state's $5 billion budget deficit. as chris welsh spent an afternoon with the family caught in the middle of this budget standoff to find out how they're coping. >> it's hard. i miss my job, and i miss doing the work that i know is so important for minnesota. i work for the office of emergency preparedness. >> and i work for the department of natural resources. i think the state shutdown is a huge deal, because i think about my little piece of what i do for state government, and i think there are 20,000 people that have been laid off, and every single weren't of them has a little piece that's just as large as the piece that we're doing.
>> they're chemical-free. >> both of -- my mom's job is important to them. it's nice have her home for a teensy bit, but if it's month, i can't imagine. already my mom is wandering around a little lost. >> is there anything else i can do? >> no. >> okay. >> we're set. >> you can set the table. >> it's terrifying. not only will it have an impact on our family and we're luckier than most people, because we can weather a short-term disturbance in our incomes, but eventually, we won't be able to handle it. >> everything i consider spending i stop and i go, wait. can that be put off? can we get by with what we have? >> we all talk about it as a family. >> it's just so expensive.
>> savings for the kids' college. that's -- i'm trying to always get by, but now we just try more. >> when i'm looking at colleges i'm counting on that college fund. i'm counting on our family to have the safety net if something bad happens. >> budget troubles like the ones in minnesota are playing out in states across the country. governments are struggling to close huge deficits and make some painful spending cuts. you know, some states are actually doing better than others in meeting their financial challenges, and alisons so ik at the new york stock exchange is here to tell us about that. alison, start with the states that are in trouble. >> reporter: okay. but believe it or not, first of all, suzanne, 48 of the 50 states have actually passed their budgets for fiscal 2012 and that means they're in pretty good shape. there are two that are operating without full working budgets. they're minnesota, as you heard there, and iowa.
now, iowa just avoid a shutdown yesterday. it's now operating under a temporary spending measure according to the national association of state budget officers but states that actually cast these budgets it hasn't been smooth sailing all the way. they had to make tough choices include cuts to retirement plans. cuts to education at all levels and transportation as well. now, california it's the most glaring. it made the most notable and painful cuts including laying off over 5,000 state employees and slashing contributions to the state university systems. in all, a california cut over $15 billion in spending from the budget. even though they passed budgets, suzanne, if hasn't been easy. >> what about the states doing relatively well? are there surprising success stories? >> reporter: yeah, there are. in many cases, state legislators managed to find common ground and pass their budgets. states have a mandate to pass the and balance budgets. lawmakers in new york and new jersey, say, are getting credit for making their budgets work.
both of those states were able to come to bipart sn agreements. the change state pension plans and the get the state's fiscal house in order. in new jersey, managed to increase state aid to local school districts and in both states there weren't tax increases to individuals. which is really amazing. suzanne? >> alison, thank. a little bit of good news there. here are your choices for today's "choose the news." first, captured soldiers once fighting for moammar gadhafi talk to cnn. hear their firsthand accounts of the battlefield, information gadhafi doesn't want the rest of the world to know. second, the uplifting story of a man who took his personal experience and transferred it to the workplace. now his business focuses on hiring mentally challenged workers. other businesses are looking to cash in on his unique plan. and third, survival through soccer. a new league for the homeless is aimed at helping players develop confidence. a sense of teamwork. and even make friends. the hope of getting them back on
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a rundown of the stories we're working on. up next, phone hacking 101. lessons on how easy it can be and how best to protect yourself. then it could be the last one we see for quite a while. taking you outside for earth's orbit to watch the final shuttle space walk. and later, the heat isn't just unbearable, it is downright dangerous. how it effects the body on the inside. cnn "in depth." gordon brown is one of the latest high profile names in the uk the phone hacking scandal. listen to this. >> i think what happened pretty early on in government is that the "sunday times" appeared to have gotten access to my legal
files. there's some question mark about what happened to other files documentation, tax and everything else, but i'm sure, i'm generally shocked to find that this happened because of their links with criminals. >> not surprising you don't have to be former prime minister or a celebrity to be victimized by hackers. our brian todd talked to cyber security experts and finds with the tools now available online, anyone can be a hacker. >> reporter: for news of the world reporters to have allegedly hacked into the voice mails of murder victim milly dowler and others, they wouldn't have to be experts, experts say. >> there are a lot of easy to use techniques and freely available tools that can help hackers get access to your phone. >> reporter: in speaking with telecom and cyber security experts we picked up three basic techniques hackers can use to get into your voice mail. first, they can dial into your voice mail network, keep trying
default pass codes like 1111. >> enter password and pound sign. >> log-in, incorrect. >> reporter: change them to change pass codes like their birthdays. information that can be obtained from places like facebook. we spoke with the founder of a cyber security company. >> hacking in voice mail spoof your phone number to make someone's voice mail think it's their own phone accessing the voice mail. to do that you sometimes can go to a website that let's you get a spoof phone number. we're going to do that. >> reporter: we buy a spoof account on spoofcard.com, a legitimate website for pranksters. it allows us to call any number we want, make it seem like it's coming from any number we want. then from another phone we call the cell phone disguised as his
own number. >> i'm going to ignore the call. >> okay. >> please leave a message and i'll try to call you back. >> now -- >> you have one unheard message. >> so we were able to hear your voice mails just now. a very simple process, if you just dial a series of numbers chcts absolutely right. i have a pin set up on my voice mail account, but if i'm dialing my voice mail account from my phone i get straight into it. >> reporter: some carriers require a pass code to access your voice mail from your own phone. some don't making it egszer for hackers. a third methods to hack into voice mail. >> call your network operator pretoned to be you and say you lost your pass word and need access to your accounts, such as your social security, date of beth and mother's maiden name and able to get access to your full account. >> reporter: how do you protect yourself? experts say call your kayier and set a pass code for your account itself so even if a hacker knows
a lot of that personal information about you, they don't know that pass code. experts say you should also keep changing it's passwords on your different accounts, maybe as often as you change your toothbrush, like every few months and limit the personal information on facebook and other social media. that's a gold mine for hackers. brian todd, cnn, washington. a scandal that has touched everyone from former prime ministers to movie stars to the queen, but the public outcry was the loudest when the world learned that the phone of this young murder victim had been hacked. i'm going to talk to the attorney representing milly dowler's family in the next hour of "newsroom." no one has more appreciation for history, right, than a historian. but police say this guy went a little too far. we'll tell what you he's accused of doing. i remember the days before copd.
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scandal. help says hackers were able to get access to his personal information. so how do you protect yourself from getting hacked? john able, the chief of wired.com. thanks for being with us here. if you think about your phone as a digital wallet what is on your phone that is vulnerable to hackers? >> well, it's not only what's on your phone it's what your phone gives you access to. the truth of the matter is, your most important information is out there someplace. your credit card information, credit card company, voice mails through your carrier. but your phone gives access to that to somebody who has your phone. so you want to lock your phone down. use password protected programs and stuff like that. >> how do you protect yourself? everything we've been hearing and just heard a great piece from brian todd, it's simple to happen to anybody's phone? >> two issues here. one, the information that's not on your phone, your credit card
information, your bank, things like that, there's nothing that you can do with your phone to protect yourself from that kind of attack. people are going to go after those servers some place else. but every cell phone allows you to lock it down using a very simple or complicated password with your phone right now. that way it's impossible for somebody to easily get access to the phone itself. the trouble is, it's inconvenient to do it so most of us don't bother, but it's a simple way to protect yourself and anybody can do it now. >> brian todd was saying, change your password like you change your toothbrush. every couple of months or so. it's a good way of remembering. what about protecting your information that's online? >> well, you're kind of depending on the kind of -- you can look back to the news archives of the past few weeks to see the things, companies get hacked all the time. sometimes information that is accessed isn't terribly important. e-mail addresses and things like
that. sometimes it's credit card numbers, but that complete ecosystem information so it can't be used. there's nothing you can do except to deal with companies whose security policies are good and solid. and to not share information with companies anymore than you have to. that's it. >> wow. okay. and you know, we've been focusing a lot on celebrities, politicians who follow hackers. is there any real reason for everyday folks like us to be worried about being hacked? >> yeah. the newscorp scandal only became catastrophic when it was revealed that so-called people were being targeted, victims of crimes and things like that. nobody seemed to care too much when hugh grant's phone was hacked. or this wasn't a murdoch thing. paris hilton's texts and things like that. we're amused by these sort of things and buy newspapers that support them.
but now it's personal. anybody's information that's out there is accessible by determined, smart people that want to get at it. and there are lots of that. >> thank you so much, john abell, appreciate the good advice and warnings as well. some of our stories our affiliates are covering across the country, two men including a well-known historian charged with stealing millions of dollars in presidential documents from the maryland historical society. employees noticed the men acting strangely in a library, saw them pocket the documents and try to walk out the door. well, it is so hot in oklahoma. concrete is buckling. check out these pictures. amazing pictures. this is a portion of the state's turnpike literally bent. a motorcyclist went airborne, 250 feet when he hit this section of the road. and severe storms near chicago ripped off roofs, knocked planes around in the airport, caused major power outages. powerful wind gusts, large hail.
even knocked over tractor trailers. at least three people were trapped in their cars by falling tree limbs. well, it is hot. it's humid. unbearable. the bladzing heat across the country, no joke to a lot of people. it is dangerous. rob marciano tells us what's going on. any relief in sight? this say cross the whole country. >> real hunk of real state. 24, 25 states under heat advisories. your only nope yhope if you liv toes states, stay in the cool. chicago, worst thunderstorms they've seen in years. quiet in chicago. another line of showers rolling through parts of des moines. nothing severe. the ones going through the valley now into northern parts of georgia, these aren't severe. you got one, it would be fortunate, because it would cool things down. now, the core of the sheet right in here. across the midsouth in through memphis, back through arkansas. yesterday a slew of record highs across parts of arkansas.
that's it. nobody else saw record-high temperature. the key is here. the humidity, and so when you're talking about temperatures, right now at the noon hour or in some cases even earlier, they're already 90-plus degrees. that's going to cause some problems as far as what you have for afternoon high temperature. here's your shot from femme mme. the mississippi river, the river is high with all the water flowing through. thanks for that affiliate shot. temperatures in the low 90s. pull in the humidity, that's when you have temperatures that feel like they're up in over 100. over 105 degrees. that's the heat index we've been dealing with. that's what makes it danger ll dangerlyously plains. everybody getting into the act, d.c., philadelphia, through parts of the new york area as well. they're going to see temperatures dangerously high at times and these are measured in the shade. so it's hot.
this will break down in a little bit as we approach friday and saturday. the next two days, suzanne, awfully, awfully hot. take care. >> hot and stecky. rob, thank you. it's hot everywhere. it's hot here. if you can't beat the heat with air conditioning, you could be roasting outside. we want to know just how the heat affects your body. our senior medical correspondent elizabeth cohen joins us, and elizabeth was outside and came inside. gratefully you're in the full air conditioning now. >> feels lovely. very nice in the studio, for once. >> what does the heat do to your body? >> i picked three areas of body to look at really what does the heat do. start with the brain. when it's hot outside, the temperature in your brain actually goes up. if you could stick a thermometer in there use see the mercury rising. that's why people get kind of confused sometimes. when they're overheated. that they're actually, the temperature's going up. talk about your skin. you get extra blood to your skin. that helps your skin cool off. that's sort of your body's way of getting rid of that heat.
more blood to your skin. and less blood to your geotract. i got to send this to the skin. the stomach can wait. sometimes when you're hot you don't feel like eating. because your stomach's not getting a lot of blood. doesn't want to do its thing. the body's way of saying food is not the most important thing. vital organs and skin are much more important. >> does it pat matter what you eat? are there foods that can help you? >> speaking with a spokesman for the american college of sports medicine who said try to avoid things hard to digest. avoid fats, avoid protein. that makes your gut work hard around not getting a lot of blood so it didn't want to work hard. simple carbohydrates. pretzels, something like that, your body can die jugest better. and drink tons of water, but if you don't eat for a short period of time, that's okay, too. >> you and i will be inside
today. >> that's right. >> eating. >> all sorts of things. >> thank you for joinings me. i'll join you for the eating section, later. and vote texting 22630. text one to see capture libyan soldiers revealing information from the battlefield and secrets moammar gadhafi doesn't want the world to know. text two for a new business model that focuses on hiring and training mentally challenged workers and the enormous success it's having. and text three to see a unique soccer league focusing on helping the homeless get back on their feet. winning story airs in the next hour. check out the miles per ga. the length of the power train warranty. and the horsepower. only ram delivers this kind of muscle. that'll thin out the herd real quick. guts. glory. ram.
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michele bachmann comes out ont ontopagain. part of the best political team on television live from the political vest in washington. what's the latest? >> reporter: if you need more evidence michele bachmann's campaign son the rise. here it is. two new polls today and yesterday out in iowa. both of these polls by the american research group, yesterday by republicans dotcom, michele bachmann on the top of the pack of those running for the gop presidential nomination. you could say her campaign's been on the rise since many thought she hit a home run in the presidential debate in new hampshire last month. but, remember, it's still seven months away from the iowa caucuses. things change. people change their minds. but michele bachmann in the polls doing well right now. >> plenty of time until then. you've got new polls out over the battle raising the debt ceiling. i know the president very much caught up in whether or not that
is going to happen. what are folks saying about it? >> reporter: this is interesting, because it shows how tough it is to get any kind of agreement between democrats and republicans in congress. take a look at this. the pew research center. democrats and republicans don't agree on how important it is to raise the debt ceiling. republicans, two-thirds of them in the poll say that raising the debt ceiling, they're more concerned about raising the debt ceiling and what that positiwou mean. higher government spending. 27% say it's not a concern. opposite on democrats. majority say not raising the debt creeling is their top concern because they believe that would lead to defaulting of the government. democrats and republican definitely have different opinions here on how important it is to raise that debt ceiling by early august and the consequences. >> a tough debate there. i want you, paul to check this out. president obama sounding kind of like a stern father in the debate, the negotiations. he says it's time to take the band-aid off and eat your peas.
and, you know, the question is whether or not power brokers are acting like kids. this is what jay leno said. >> debt ceiling and the -- you know, have you watched these people? go to c-span and show them arguing. >> no. >> i said, no. >> i said no. >> i said no. >> i say no! >> i say no! >> be quiet! >> you be quiet. >> you be quiet now! >> paul, that's nothing like your kids. you know, no. your kids are well behaved. not fighting. >> reporter: not at all. and the opinion of congress now is pretty low and i think jay leno hit it right on the head there with that one. that's good stuff. >> that is funny. all right. keep us in line, paul. please. keep them in line. >> reporter: trying. we're trying. remember to voez for today's "choose the news" winner. text one to see cap colored
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space shuttle is now underway scheduled to last more than six hours. cnn john zarrella joins us live from miami. john, great to see you again. tell us what the two space walking astronauts are up to. what are they doing? >> reporter: hey, suzanne. about three hours into the space walk. we can see in this live picture from space what a great shot that is. that's the -- that's the back of the space shuttle, and you have one astronaut there, ron garren, on the end of the arm of the robotic arm from the space station. and the other astronaut there, mike fossett to the left. what they're doing is installing into the cargo bay an ammonia pump that fame add year ago and has been replaced. that ammonia pump was part ever the space stational cooling system. so it was a vital piece of equipment that had to be replaced and repaired. this one had been stowed outside
of the space station, and now it's been moved into the space shuttle. it's just a piece of junk now that they're going to bring back to earth, but that is some fantastic shot there of the two astronauts. now, which one is upside down? i guess in space it doesn't matter. >> yeah. i can't even tell. is it kind o thing they're doing, or is this exceptionally difficult or hard, challenging for these guys? >> reporter: there's no space walk that's routine. the astronauts also have tethers that they have to attach to the inside of the cargo bay so if anything did happen, they wouldn't float away. they have also got these safer suits, they call them, which are backpacks that if something happened and the tether broke, and they actually floated off, they could use these jet backpacks to get back to safety. so this is the 160th space walk from the space station for either space station repairs or space station construction.
so it's the 160th time astronauts have ventured out there in the last ten years or so in construction of the space station or repairs. again, another three hours to go in this space walk, suzanne, but it's always high drama and just spectacular to be able to see these images from about 240 miles up. >> john, you've seen just about all of them but i don't suppose it gets tiring. there is a sense of drama and some anticipation, if you will, about what's going to happen and whether or not they will be successful in one of these missions, yes? >> reporter: yeah. it's always interesting, i know on the hubble repair missions there were incidents where they had trouble removing the bolts and they had to break off a bolt to get something moved. so they don't always go the way they are planned. in fact, when they were moving this piece of junk, this pump from where it had been berthed, they had some initial problems getting it out of its berthing
mechanism. so it's always something that they've got to deal with and they are fascinating to watch. even though they've practiced for probably two years on what they're going to do on this space walk, you know, it's never simple. >> that is amazing. two years to practice for what they're doing right now. unbelievable. we'll be keeping a close eye on it, john. thanks for everything. rupert murdoch is being called on for some explanations by the british parliament. in a media scandal that has the whole world now talking. we get the latest word from a lawyer in the uk about what's in store for the head of newscorps. . how does it do that? well, to get there, a lot of complicated engineering goes into every one. like variable valve timing and turbocharging, active front grille shutters that close at high speeds, and friction reducing -- oh, man, that is complicated. how about this -- cruze eco offers 42 miles per gallon.
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a reminder to vote for today's choose the news winner. vote by texting 22360, text 1 to see captured libyan soldiers reveal information from the battlefield and secrets that moammar gadhafi does not want the world to know. text 2 for a new business model that focuses on hiring and training mentally challenged workers and the enormous success that it's having. and text 3 to see a unique soccer league that focuses on helping the homeless get back on their feet. the winning story will air in the next hour. allegations of hacking are sending one of the world's biggest media companies reeling. now media baron rupert murdoch, the head of newscorps, is being called by british lawmakers to
explain a rash of allegations that his reporters were hacking into the personal information of everyone from former prime ministers to the queen of england. mark stevens is a lawyer in the uk specializing in media law. thanks for joining us. tuesday, murdoch's son, rebecca brooks, former editor of "news of the world" will all stand before parliament. could they face criminal charges for the behavior of those that were employed at the papers? >> i think we have to draw a distinction between rupert murdoch himself as the chairman of this organization. there is absolutely nothing, not one scintilla of evidence which has yet pointed in his direction. but the same cannot be said for his acolytes, his son and rebecca brooks and indeed, further down the chain, people like andy colston. i think those people are in for
very uncomfortable questioning not only by parliament but also by her majesty's constabulary. i think they will be interviewed and only after the information is in, will there be a decision made as to whether or not they will face the music. >> what kind of evidence would have to surface for any one of them to be personally implicated here? >> well, i think what's going to happen is that they are going to follow the money. the suggestion is that some of these officers who paid, the policemen who were paid by news international were paid by check, and therefore there is a financial trail which is indelible, really, and as a result of that, that can be traced. also, there are internal e-mails and that will tell who knew what and when. i think if people knew and didn't do anything about it, then there are real serious questions to be asked, particularly if that kind of
misbehavior continued after senior executives knew about it. >> when we look at the law, uk law, u.s. law and the fcc, federal communications commission here, could murdoch actually face criminal charges in the united states if there was anything, any kind of hacking that was going on at one of his american publications? >> well, i think that if he knew about it personally and authorized it or approved it, then yes. but i don't think there's any evidence to that effect at all. i think there are questions about this area which, whether his son james knew or approved either after the event or at the time, and i think the police will ask him about those kinds of questions. now, for james murdoch, that presents a very serious question. of course, news international, american corporation, and of course, the foreign corrupt practices act comes into play. if it can be shown that anyone at news international who is an american citizen was involved in
the corrupting or paying of bribes or authorizing of the paying of bribes to foreign officials, and of course, that includes english policemen, then in those circumstances, that could get really serious indeed and of course, could strike at the very heart of the murdoch empire. >> all right. mark stephens, thank you very much for your insights. appreciate it. >> thank you. top of the hour. i'm suzanne malveaux. want to get you up to speed. the deadline to raise the nation's debt ceiling, just 21 days away. this today from senate republican leader mitch mcconnell. he says as long as this president is in the oval office, a real solution is unattainable. well, despite the pessimism, the president and congressional leaders are meeting again this afternoon to work towards a solution. new cloak and dagger details about osama bin laden and that raid that captured him in the runup, the cia reportedly sent medical workers to bin laden's neighborhood to vaccinate
people. agents hoped to get dna proof bin laden or his relatives were in the house. the pakistani doctor who led the operation is now in custody. >> reporter: we have spoken to about six residents in abbottabad who tell us in late april, two nurses, two female health workers, were going house to house administering these vaccinations. it is some fascinating details and really drives home, guys, the efforts it took by the cia to find and locate bin laden back in may. the half-brother of afghan president hamid karzai was assassinated today. a bodyguard gunned him down in kandahar. the taliban say the bodyguard was on their payroll. karzai was linked to drug trafficking. he was even said to be a cia informant. karzai always denied both of those claims. well, divers are pulling bodies from a cruise ship at the bottom of russia's vulga river.
the number of dead climbed to 116 today. russian prosecutors opened a criminal investigation into the tragedy. they say the boat was not licensed to carry passengers when it sank on sunday. today is a national day of mourning in russia. >> translator: the vessel sank within three minutes. there were no announcements. it flipped to the right side, swerved and went down. there were no explosions, nothing. we were literally thrown out. that's how we survived. our whole family was on that ship. we lost everybody, my wife and grandchildren. it's going to feel like 105 to 115 degrees at almost half the states across the country today. it's unbelievable. a midsummer heat wave is spreading out the plains into the northeast. advisories for dangerous heat reach from oklahoma across the south to new england. humidity levels are extraordinarily high today as well.
that makes it difficult for the body to cool itself down. a funeral for former first lady betty ford is this afternoon. first lady michelle obama and three of her predecessors will attend the episcopal service in palm desert, california, where the fords lived after the white house. mrs. ford will be buried thursday next to her husband, president gerald ford, in grand rapids, michigan. it's the first time a visiting shuttle crew has sat out a space walk. astronauts from the international space station are the ones outside today to unhook a broken cooling pump. "atlantis" has just four crew members for its final mission. all have their hands full with some other aspects of the space walk. cnn in depth. it is being called rupert murdoch's watergate. former prime minister gordon brown says newspaper reporters at the "sunday times" spied on his bank accounts and that "the
sun" published sensitive details about brown's child. this comes just days after a phone hacking scandal forced murdoch to shut down the "news of the world." it's a disgrace for news corp with implications for news outlets all over the world. now murdoch and his top editors are being called to testify in the case. david has been following the story closely and joins us. first of all, thanks for being here. we know former british prime minister gordon brown is accusing murdoch's british papers as having quote, links with criminals. in your column, you accuse them of having links with politicians. what does this mean? >> reporter: i'm sure it's hard for a lot of americans to understand how the leader of a country could be hacked by newspapers and two things are going on. one is, the british newspaper
culture, fleet street is so much more competitive and so much more generally reckless in terms of how they get information, and britain is such a smaller place. it's more like, it seems more like chicago politics than what you would see in terms of the beltway. the problem i think that news corp has is the rays they're shooting toward law enforcement, they hacked buckingham palace, they hacked 10 downing street. they had police connections. now it turns out they investigated the people who were investigating them, which looks a little more like an ongoing criminal enterprise than it does like a news organization. >> so how powerful were these publications? could they essentially make or break political careers? >> reporter: there's a lot of argument over that, whether rupert murdoch and news international, the papers he controlled there, could actually elect a prime minister or not. what mr. murdoch has been very,
very skilled at, both in the u.s. and in britain, is timing his endorsements so whether the outcome was forgone or not, it seems like he was very much part of it. there was also in britain a system of punishment when people tried to take on news corp, they ended up being months and months being treated as a pinata in the tabloid press so it made people less eager to step up and say something. >> were there any controls or limits to what these papers could do? >> reporter: boy, it's really hard to tell from a distance. you have rebecca brooks saying it's inconceivable she knew of any of this hacking. how can you hack 4,000 people, end up with hundreds of stories, many of them full of really, you know, delicious personal stuff that you would only learn from phone calls, and not as an editor ask where it had come from. go ahead. >> david, i was just wondering, the question we have on our
minds, is this really a watergate moment for british journalism? the smear campaign against gordon brown, do you think it was politically motivated, that the paper actually had something, some skin in the game here to trash a politician, that one in particular, the prime minister? >> reporter: well, if you remember watergate, the dynamics were different. it was government trying to rub out its enemies. in this instance, you have media powers looking either for circulation or for operational leverage, going after politicians and telling them how it's going to be. it's a little scary, i guess, for the average american to think about things that way but again, you have to remember, britain is a much smaller place, it plays by very different rules. >> david carr, thank you so much. a rundown of some of the stories ahead. first, you just heard how the phone hacking scandal could take down a major media mogul. we have the attorney of the family of the girl who forced the world to pay attention to this. then we are live at the
white house as both sides resume talks about the debt ceiling. and shame, scandal, now tears over atlanta's public schools. >> i failed to protect thousands of children. children who come from homes like mine. then guessing games are over. inside some fast food franchises, how counting calories just got a whole lot easier. some of the world's best young minds take center stage at the google science fair. >> reporter: we're at google's headquarters in california for what the company says is the largest science fair in the world. they have 7500 entries from teenagers all over the planet and now it's down to the final 15. where do you go to find a super business?
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meineke. we have the coolest customers. democrats and republicans hold another round of talks today on raising the country's debt limit and reducing the deficit. the obama administration is pushing for a deal sooner rather than later. our white house correspondent dan lothian is joining us with an update. dan, i guess we heard from the treasury secretary, timothy geithner, stepping up the sense of urgency. why do you suppose he did that? what did he say? >> reporter: well, what he's trying to do is essentially push this theme that the president has been pushing, that he still wants to go for the biggest, most comprehensive deal possible because this administration believes that that's the best thing for the economy, not only over the long term, but also the short term as well. we also heard secretary geithner talk about the need for not only republicans, but democrats to take some of the heat, realizing
that whatever they decide may not be popular with their base. but as the clock ticks down, what's clear is that they're running out of time here. the two sides still far apart. secretary geithner is saying that a deal has to be reached either by the end of this week or at the latest, by next week, giving time for this legislation to be put together and to be passed. nonetheless, he sounded optimistic. >> we're a country that pays its bills and i very much appreciate the statements by the leadership, not just democrats but republican leadership, that they recognize default is not an option. >> reporter: taxes remain the main issue. house speaker john boehner saying that even taxes on the wealthiest is not something that could be done in this economic climate. he says that's not the way to cut spending.
he says the way to do that, to control spending, he says, is to essentially fix the economy and create more jobs. on the senate floor this morning, we heard from senate minority leader mitch mcconnell, who had some tough words for president obama, saying quote, in my view, the president has presented us with three choices, smoke and mirrors, tax hikes or default. republicans choose none of the above. i had hoped to do good but i refuse to do harm. so that sort of sets the scene for that next meeting, which is set for 3:45 this afternoon. >> wow. tough words there. all right, dan. thanks for keeping us posted. appreciate it. here are your choices for today's choose the news. captured soldiers once fighting for gadhafi talk to cnn. hear the information gadhafi doesn't want the rest of the world to know. second, the uplifting story of a man who took his personal experience and transferred it to the workplace. now his business focuses on hiring mentally challenged workers and now other businesses are looking to cash in on his
unique plan. and third, survival through soccer. a new league for the homeless is aimed at helping players develop confidence, a sense of teamwork and even make friends. the hope of them getting back on their feet. vote by texting 22360. text 1 for soldiers reveal secrets. 2 for unique business plan, or 3 for survival through soccer. winning story will air later this hour. the weather forecast, pretty much the same across the country. it is hot, hot, hot and it's even dangerously hot in some places. this is unbelievable. >> it is. this is a zero tolerance day. no question about it. no pets in cars. no pets outside, tied up without shade. no pets without water. no kids in cars at all. i don't care if you think you're going to the bank for 30 seconds, you can't risk it. what if something happens in the bank and you're in there for five minutes? >> it's that dangerous. >> no question that car will get to 115, 130 in no time. there will be heat indices today
above 115 to 120 which means that's what it feels like. the temperatures and the humidities are so high in parts of mississippi, alabama, it will feel like 109 in little rock. here's the deal. if you walk outside from paducah to memphis all the way down to louisiana with glasses on, sunglasses, regular glasses, by the time you walk outside, you won't be able to see because your glasses will look like a shower window. there is going to be completely fogged up. nothing you can do about that. that's because the cold on the inside, 73, 74, 75 degrees in the ac, is actually colder than the dewpoint. the humidity is so high, your glasses are going to turn into fog. it's one of those days where pets, elderly, kids, you cannot take any risks. you can't take 30 seconds of a risk. >> why is it so hot, chad, across such a brougad swath of e country? >> it's summer hot but it's also very muggy. the humidity is very high. that's something else we don't usually talk about until the
middle of august and september. it's because the humidity's high. we've had so much flooding in the middle part of the country that the water is on the ground, the grass is in the ground and all the corn plants are just soaking wet. when it gets this hot, all the humidity evaporates and all of a sudden, you have stifling heat. all the way from new england back down to oklahoma. it's deadly today. no kidding. >> okay. we'll take your warnings there. thank you. appreciate it. that's a serious day. thank you. if you are living in the south, in the middle of this stifling heat wave, you have a little leisure time, what do you do for fun? how about hiking the highest elevations in five states all in a single day? a group of 21 adventurers from the atlanta outdoor club pulled that off on sunday, from sunrise to sunset. our own copy editor was one of them. he hoofed up and down trails along the carolinas, alabama, tennessee and georgia. north carolina's mount mitchell was one of them.
that's the highest point east of the mississippi. the nice thing about being up that high, it's actually cool. temperatures were in the low 70s. as far as we know, no one has ever done this before so the guy who put it all together, his name is charlie cunningham, he applied to have this recognized as a guinness world record. bonus note, our own jim tells us he spent most of his time not on the trails but getting into all those different places in an suv. gas was only $4 a gallon. he ate some dried mango snacks and had a little james brown traveling music. congratulations to jim and his team for that monumental feat. cool stuff. hey, dad, you think i could drive? i'll tell you what -- when we stop to fill it up. ♪ ♪ [ son ] you realize, it's gotta run out sometime.
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the half brother of afghan president hamid karzai was shot and killed today, gunned down by a bodyguard in kandahar. the taliban say the shooter was on their payroll. nic robertson joins us live from london. if you can give us a sense of karzai's brother, whether or not we know much about him. some people said he was a drug trafficker. others said he worked as an informant for the cia. who was this guy? how important was he to the united states and to afghanistan? >> reporter: he was hugely important to his brother, hamid karzai, the president, because really, he was his eyes and ears, his political fixer in the south of the country. so really, for president karzai, he was a very important stabilizing and controlling figure in the south of afghanistan in the kandahar region. certainly there had been a lot of rumors about him, rumors that he was involved in the drug trade, rumors that he has built
military forces that have helped on cia-led operations inside afghanistan, and he has certainly never been able to disquiet those rumors and they have been around now for a number of years. but this is a man who it's very hard to find people in kandahar who will say a bad word against him. when i was there asking government officials about him just before christmas, no one would say a bad word about him, which to me at the time felt very much like an indication that he was the real strong man in kandahar and really, that's the person that he was. whether or not he was amassing illegal wealth, whether or not he was fixing sort of cronyist type political deals, he was a real power broker there. >> what does that mean for hamid karzai, the president? >> reporter: it puts him on a much weaker footing. one of the things we are going to see happening over the next couple years in afghanistan, as all parties there realize that u.s. forces, nato forces are going to draw down, we are going
to see afghans reverting to the sort of conflict they were having before we got involved there. fighting for control of resources of different interests within the country, and this could just be part of that bigger picture. we have seen the police chief in kandahar killed this year, for example, and hamid karzai's brother would certainly fit that picture as being somebody that many people want to get rid of in afghanistan. >> nic, isn't that kind of worrisome, you have american troops that will be pulling out of afghanistan. what does this say about the afghan people's ability to protect themselves? >> reporter: the situation with him removed is certainly in the short term, probably in the medium term, is a destabilized one in kandahar. he certainly, with him gone, that will leave the way open for other people to sort of flex their muscles, be it political or military, and they will try to do that in an environment where there are u.s. troops, where there are nato troops, and
those forces could bear the brunt of that instability. he was a guy that coalition forces would rely on to sort of be involved in fixing deals. with him gone, those deals aren't going to get fixed so you're going to have those failed deals spilling out into blood feuds, into fights on the streets, or whatever. it's going to be less stable. >> not good news. all right. nic robertson, thank you so much. a mixed day so far for stocks. alison kosik is at the new york stock exchange with a market update. >> reporter: yeah, you said it. it is mixed here. mixed is good compared to what we've seen the past few days, after yesterday's 150 point drop on the dow. we have the dow higher by 18 now, the nasdaq off by six. looks like that selloff yesterday turned into a bit of a buying opportunity, but you know what, the concerns are still there. take your pick. we have the lousy jobs numbers, other weak u.s. data, the worries over greece and italy defaulting on their debt, and then of course, the worries that the u.s. will default if its
debt limit isn't raised soon. treasury secretary tim geithner coming out today, saying he wants a deal by next week so that also helping to give the market a bit of a boost. earnings season also kicked off with aluminum maker alcoa yesterday not giving much excitement to the market. wall street is looking at a report from the federal reserve that may give more clues to how the economic recovery is going. suzanne? >> thank you. chronologically i'm sixty years old. is it the new forty, i don't know. i probably feel about thirty. how is it that we don't act our age?
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here's a rundown, some of the stories we are working on. celebrities, royalty, a former prime minister, no one was safe from hacking until journalists with rupert murdoch's media empire allegedly went after a dead girl's cell phone. her family's attorney is up next. then, a former school board chairman reduced now to tears when he remembers how he failed atlanta's children. and later, some of the world's most distinguished dignitaries lining up to say farewell to a former american first lady. britain's former prime minister tony blair says the scope of the phone hacking scandal doesn't shock him, but blair says the british people are shocked by the lack of basic journalistic standards. he sat down with cnn's wolf blitzer in "the situation room." >> what is important to realize this is not about one group of newspapers or one part of the media or one type of procedure, in this case, hacking.
it's about a whole range of things that need to be looked at so that we understand what's acceptable and what isn't acceptable because in a way, what i was trying to say to you earlier is i think as a result of this, over the years, you tolerated what in a sense is intolerable but you did it because look, when you're the prime minister, you're running a country, to go out there every day and start complaining about the media, the public would say that's fine but get on with your job. cnn's in depth, it's a scandal affecting everyone from the former prime minister to the queen. but the public outcry was perhaps the loudest when the world learned that a young murder victim's phone had allegedly been hacked by journalists at the british tabloid "news of the world." that tabloid, it's now closed, going out of print this sunday, after the scandal caught fire. its parent company, news corp, is reeling but the family of millie dowler are still looking
for justice. i'm joined by the dowler family lawyer, mark lewis. thanks for joining us. first of all, the family. do they feel satisfied in any way with shutting down of that paper? is that enough for them? >> well, they never wanted to shut down the paper. the crimes were committed by individuals. they weren't committed by the newspaper. what was in the end of it? >> do they feel that any good has come of this paper closing? >> well, the only good that's come out of it, and we hope it's going to be launched, is that people are now looking at the situation. this was a company that employed criminals. it had convicted criminals who acted for it. this is an issue of corporate governance. there's all sorts of issues that we have to look at. we have to look at properly. >> and what legal action is the family seeking here?
how far up the ladder would you like to see this thing go? >> the legal action is going to take its course and see but there are several claims, the family itself will be pursuing. there are also going to be criminal charges and i'm sure that investigations will lead to charges, but they won't get the answers. what the family are looking for and what the victims of phone hacking and other matters are looking for is to find out the truth, to find out what was going on with the newspaper, with the company, and with other newspapers. >> why do you think they won't get the truth? why do you think they won't actually find those answers? >> well, they won't necessarily get the truth from civil actions and they won't necessarily get the truth from criminal actions. civil actions can be closed down by settlements for money. the criminal actions can be closed down by people pleading guilty or by sample charges in respect of a few.
>> i think we have lost our guest there. we did lose him. obviously, the attorney for the dowler family, the dowler family being the family whose young teenager was kidnapped and then found dead and "news of the world" allegedly hacking that teen's phone. well, a reminder to vote for today's choose the news winner. vote by texting 22360. text 1 to see captured libyan soldiers reveal information from the battlefield and secrets that moammar gadhafi does not want the world to know. text 2 for a new business model that focuses on hiring and training mentally challenged workers and the enormous success that that's having. text 3 to see a unique soccer league that focuses on helping the homeless get back on their feet. winning story's going to air later this hour.
a long list of dignitaries take part in the funeral of former first lady betty ford this afternoon in palm desert, california. our cnn's thelma gutierrez is live in palm desert with a preview. obviously, a lot of people having a great deal of respect for the former first lady. who do we expect to see? >> reporter: suzanne, what we understand right now is that in a few hours, first lady michelle
obama will be here as well as secretary of state hillary clinton, her husband, former president bill clinton, also former president george w. bush and former first lady, nancy reagan. all of this should begin in less than two hours. there will be a private visitation for the ford family and then at 2:00 local, 5:00 eastern, begins a national tribute. it will be a private funeral and you know, one of the things i found very interesting, suzanne, is that betty ford was very instrumental in selecting some of the details of her own funeral. this was years in the making. lots of plans for this. we're told that she selected the eulogists, including her very close friend, rosalind carter. >> the relationship that mrs. ford and mrs. carter had was one of the deepest and i think
richest in mrs. ford's life, and it was -- it embodied a similar friendship between president carter and president ford, and the two couples. and it was a wonderful, wonderful friendship, one that was very dear to mrs. ford. >> reporter: both of the first ladies were very active in promoting causes such as mental health and also bringing attention to substance abuse. we were told that at one point, they testified before congress in 1996 that one of the senators said they were an absolute force to be reckoned with. two ladies who were very close, one will eulogize the other today at 2:00 local. suzanne? >> very powerful figures. is the public going to have a chance to pay their respects as well? >> reporter: yes, absolutely.
there will be a plan -- the funeral will be private, but at 5:00 local through midnight, her body will lay in repose and so the public will be shuttled into this area so that they can pay their respects and there's a similar plan that has been laid out for grand rapids, michigan, on thursday, private funeral for the family and then again, a public viewing for the people there in grand rapids, michigan. >> thelma, thank you very much. thelma gutierrez. the atlanta public school system has been rocked by a cheating scandal and it begins the process of cleaning up the mess. the interim head of the system replaced four area superintendents and one principal. a report found that more than 170 teachers and principals were involved in this scandal. some could even face criminal charges. last night, a board member and former chairman resigned his post to accept an out of state position. he made an emotional apology. >> i failed to protect thousands
of children. children who come from homes like mine. >> the scandal in the atlanta school system now reaches all the way to texas. ed lavandera is explaining why. >> reporter: just a few months before the atlanta public schools scandal erupted nationally, dr. kathy augustine left her job in atlanta as a deputy superintendent and was hired as the head of the desoto public schools, a dallas suburb. but on her very first day on the job, protesters turned out and the school board decided to put her on paid administrative leave. this after augustine's name appeared prominently in that scathing georgia state report. after a late night school board meeting, augustine addressed the scandal. >> in my 12 years of service in
atlanta, at no time did i have any knowledge of widespread cheating on state standardized tests. from the very first time we met, i have endeavored to be honest, open and forthcoming about the ongoing investigation. >> reporter: dr. kathy augustine was described by other employees as the godmother of the atlanta public school system. that description is part of the georgia report chronicling a decade of cheating on standardized tests by atlanta public school educators. the report accuses augustine of erroneously reporting students' scores and concluded that she either knew or should have known cheating was occurring in the atlanta school system. many desoto parents are dismayed augustine was brought to town. >> with the superintendent being the face of the community and constantly there, what face are they seeing? the face of someone who is unethical? the face of someone who falsified information? >> reporter: augustine says she was candid with the school
district about the atlanta investigation before she was hired. she denies wrongdoing in the cheating scandal and says she is shocked and disappointed. the former atlanta school superintendent, beverly hall, who was named national superintendent of the year back in 2009, can't escape the growing scandal, either. hall was tracked down by reporters while on vacation in hawaii with her husband. when asked about the scandal, she refused to answer any questions. >> ed lavandera joins us live from dallas. ed, how long do we think that kathy augustine is going to be on paid leave? does it look like she'll be able to do her job there in texas? >> reporter: i think that's still very much up in the air, described as an indefinite time of leave. it is paid, as we mentioned. but i think obviously this gives the school board members there a little bit more time here in the dallas suburb area of desoto to
go over more of that report, give it more time to see what other kind of revelations emerge as far as dr. kathy augustine's involvement in the scandal there in atlanta. there is also some push from some people at the board meeting yesterday, look, this woman hasn't been convicted, hasn't been charged with any wrongdoing, she should be presumed innocent until proven guilty. so there is some sentiment of that as well. but it's interesting to see just the fallout of this massive scandal in the atlanta area. >> quite a bit of fallout. thank you, ed. next hour, the acting superintendent for atlanta public schools is going to be randi kaye's live guest. ♪ ♪
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the google science fair is now the place for creative young teens with a science project and a dream to showcase their talent. thousands participated from around the world and our cnn silicon valley correspondent dan simon is joining us live from san francisco to tell us all about it. hey, dan. >> reporter: hey, suzanne. i'm telling you, some of these kids could be scientists today. that's no exaggeration. google put out word to kids all over the planet, said come up with your best science experiment and put your project on line, and some of these submissions were pretty incredible. the topics really ranged from health to education to green
energy. we were there yesterday and talked to some of these kids. take a look. we're at google's headquarters in mountainview, california for what the company says is the largest science fair in the world. they got 7500 entries from teenagers all over the planet and now it's down to the final 15. what is your project, what were you trying to look for? >> i was basically studying the effects of marinades on chicken. when you grill chicken there are actually proteins that form carcinogens when you cook them. some marinades interfere with that process. >> i came across this engineering problem, constructing a replacement for the irreplaceable human limb. >> reporter: what do you want your technology to lead to? >> this was assigned with amputees in mind. >> basically i'm testing different types of track switches to see which ones prevent derailments if the train
runs through them the wrong way. >> reporter: where did this interest come from in studying train derailments? >> as you can see from the wall back here, i have been interested in trains for a long time. i volunteer on trains in san diego. >> dan, so who won? >> reporter: well, the winner was a teenager from ft. worth, texas. she developed some theories about ovarian cancer and drugs to treat the cancer and according to the judges, she helped create a -- better the understanding of cancers in general and look, she's just a high school student from ft. worth, texas, and she went in front of this incredible panel of scientists and luminaries and they said she is the winner. she will get a $50,000 scholarship to the college of her choice. something tells me she won't have any problems getting in to the school of her choice. >> something tells me perhaps she will even find a cure for cancer. my gosh. unbelievable.
thanks. congratulations to her. thanks, dan. the calorie content of your favorite foods could be soon required reading at restaurant chains. we will tell you what the government is trying to do with this plan. first, here's some free money advice from the cnn help desk. >> time now for the help desk, where we get answers to your financial questions. joining me this hour, the executive editor at cbs money watch.com and ryan mack, president of optimum capital management. thanks for being here. interesting questions today. carol in new york writes this. i have a credit card charging me an annual fee of $59. my credit is good and i make my payments on time. should i close this card and pay it off? i have another credit card that does not charge an annual fee. what do you think? does she need these two? >> first of all, before you get a credit card, i always advocate individuals not get a card with an annual fee attached to it. i have never heard somebody getting rich off of frequent flyer miles. we have to get those things out of the way. since she does have the card, the question she has to ask is
looking at her emergency fund, does she have nine to 12 months living expenses and are three of the six living expenses covered by her line of credit and the elimination of that credit card cut into her total line of credit she would need for a case of emergency. if it does, i probably wouldn't cut it off and try to maximize the perks that come with the card. if it doesn't, she has enough, then cancel that card but understand, 30% of your fico score is your balance ratio. when you cancel the card, your score will decrease a little bit. give yourself about six months to reestablish that score. >> that's why you don't want ten credit cards and cancel them left and right. question for you, from linda in georgia. i want to retire june 2012. i will turn 66 in november 2012. i have been delaying filing for social security until november. can i still receive full benefits? >> i hope she means november of 2012. she could start this november, she would get some benefits, but her fra as they call it, full retirement age, doesn't occur until she turns 66 in november 2012.
i would encourage her to wait until then to tap social security. even better if possible, for every year she waits until age 70, her monthly benefit goes up. if she's got a history of longevity in her family, if she could be living into her 80s or 90s, she would be really happy if she waits until age 70 to take the benefits. >> delayed gratification will make it easier, the older you get. thank you guys so much. if you have a question you want answered, send us an e-mail any time to cnn help firstname.lastname@example.org. can i have some ice cream, please ? no, it's just for new people. hey ! chocolate, vanilla or strawberry ? chocolate ! chocolate it is ! yeah, but i'm new, too. umm... he's new... er... than you.
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would you eat french fries in a restaurant if you could actually see the calorie count? a provision of the new health reform law will make it mandatory for information about your favorite high calorie indulgence to be placed right there on the menu. our senior medical correspondent elizabeth cohen joins us. kind of takes a little of the fun out of eating your favorite food.
>> you sit down, settling in for a nice meal and wham. >> give us some examples. you have good ones set up. >> exactly. you go to kfc and get popcorn chicken with some potato wedges and that's 850 calories. remember, you're supposed to have about 2200 a day. so that is a big chunk of your daily allowance. but that's nothing compared to a bacon cheeseburger from five guys with large fries. that's 2384 calories. this is a lot of fries. some people could eat that much. here's another. a blooming onion, 1551. ali velshi said he could eat that on his own. >> i could not handle that. >> we'll share one of these later. >> with a couple friends. >> this is one that sort of is surprising. a waldorf chicken salad from california pizza chicken with blue cheese dressing. 1347 calories. >> you have some places slapping on the calorie count.
how is that working out for folks? >> some places have already started doing this. in various parts of the country. it's interesting. some studies show it really does matter, that people see this and make other choices when they see the calories or only eat half of it. other studies show people really don't care. it really depends on who you are and how much you watch your diet. >> do we know when this would become law or if it affects particular restaurants or is it everybody? >> it affects big chains. you have to have at least 20 restaurants in the united states. no mom and pop places. the law would go into effect end of this year, beginning of next year. >> are there other things that have been shown to work besides labeling the calories? >> it's interesting, there is some evidence that when you put these numbers in context, people get it better. if you say that this is more than 2,000 calories, this is more calories than you're supposed to get in the whole day, so 2384 is more than most people should get in a day, and you're getting it at one sitting, at one meal, that it
makes people go wait a minute, hold on a second. putting it in context often helps. >> you know one thing i noticed here, these are huge portions. this is a lot of food for one sitting. >> it is a lot -- well, obviously you wouldn't eat all of this. that would be amazing. i think what happens is that people start to think this is normal. they think that this is a normal amount of food to have for lunch because everyone else is eating it. that's what restaurants are serving. you think it's big but i think more and more especially young people think that's just what a serving is supposed to look like. >> this is great information. it's a wake-up call when you think about it. >> i think the numbers matter. i changed what i ordered when i sat down and the numbers are there, i personally have changed what i ordered because i see the numbers. >> i try to avoid some of this stuff at all costs. thanks. want to go to lunch? >> sure, after this. let's go. you told us what you wanted to see. your choose the news story moments away. what's this option? that's new.
deal! my money. my choice. my meineke. time for your choose the news winner. in connecticut, one company wants more diversity in its work force but the focus is not just on ethnicity or race. alison kosik explains. >> reporter: with every box that's opened, every button that's pressed, and every crate that's sorted, employees at this walgreens distribution center in windsor, connecticut, are breaking down barriers.
just ask julie. >> it's my dream to work here. it's okay to be yourself and it's okay to be deaf and it's okay to have disabilities while you work. >> reporter: more than 40% of the people working here report having a disability. >> when you have ought tim like i have, it's tough to overcome when you work. when you get better, you pick up the pace and go from there. >> i may have a seizure that will cause me to fall backward. >> reporter: this is something you think has held you back in the past? >> yes, it has. >> the thing that makes this building different is that people are accepted. everyone has disabilities and you really can't tell one from the other. >> reporter: that's the point. did this idea also come out of something personal in your life? >> certainly. i have a son with autism who is now 23. >> reporter: for walgreens' randy lewis, what began as an
experiment has been a revelation for the company which now plans to introduce lewis' program in its retail stores. >> we sell people with disabilities short. we think their abilities are like this. what we found is they're much broader. >> reporter: equality is at the core of walgreen's inclusive hiring policy, equal pay, equal work and equal expectations, sometimes with a little help to make sure everyone can meet those expectations. >> if you look up here at this workstation, we have a picture of a cow. so this whole department is called the zoo. this is station 11. but if i don't know numbers, 11 doesn't mean anything to me so we name it the cow station as well. >> reporter: the special accommodations cost the company less than $25 per worker and lewis says workers with disabilities have fewer workplace accidents, lower absenteeism and lower turnover than people without disabilities. >> it's the people without disabilities that realize we are a community, we are part of something bigger. yes, we're capitalists and have to serve our s